Monday, 11 September 2017

Total Ankle Replacement



Total ankle replacement is also called ankle arthroplasty or Ankle Joint Replacement . It is a surgical option for patients with arthritis of the ankle. This operation can relieve pain and maintain motion in the arthritic ankle joint. It is an alternative to arthrodesis (ankle fusion) which can relieve pain but eliminates motion in the joint. Although it does not have the same long-term track record of hip or knee replacement shorter-term studies on ankle replacement, look very promising.
Often treatment of ankle arthritis only requires restricting the patient’s activities to things that are not painful and making certain that the shoe is comfortable. In general a shoe that laces up above the ankle and has a cushioned heel will be more protective than other types of shoes.
Bracing of the ankle is another option. This can be provided by a device known as an ankle lacer. It fits inside the shoe and laces up like an old-fashioned boot. A third option for more significant pain is an AFO which stands for Ankle Foot Orthosis. This is a plastic brace that goes along the back of the leg and the underside of the foot and also fits inside the shoe. This requires a slightly larger than normal shoe size.
Ankle Joint Replacement Surgical options
Surgical options include arthrodesis and ankle replacement (or total ankle arthroplasty).
Arthrodesis is the connection between the tibia fibula and talus. This operation is excellent for pain relief but sacrifices the up-and-down motion of the foot that generally occurs through the ankle. The talus is permanently fixed to the end of the leg bone.
Ankle replacement is a procedure that has been available for approximately 25 years. However it has not been as successful as hip and knee replacement surgery. Because the ankle is not as often involved in arthritis there has been less study devoted to this area. Over the last 10 years ankle arthroplasty has been growing in popularity as the implants available for replacement have improved. Current studies indicate about a 90 percent patient satisfaction rate in the first four years after surgery. One anticipated problem in the future may be loosening of this artificial ankle. An orthopedic surgeon should help you make the decision if you might be a candidate.

Monday, 5 June 2017

Types of Knee Replacement



Types of Knee Replacement Surgery

The knee is a hinge joint which provides motion at the point where the thigh meets the lower leg. There are several different types of surgeries to treat the joint replacement depends on various factors. Such as the patient’s age, anatomy, general health, lifestyle, and personal preferences.

Partial Knee Replacement

There are three compartments of the knee – tibia, femur and the back side of the patella. If arthritis affects only one side of your knee – usually the inner side – it may be possible to have a partial joint replacing. Because it involves less interference with the knee than a total knee replacing, it usually means a quicker recovery and better function. It uses smaller incisions.

Total Knee Replacement

It is done to replace the end of the three joint’s compartments tibia, femur and the back side of the patella of the knee joint with the artificial and plastic replacement parts. The procedure is usually for older patients who suffer from pain and loss of function from arthritis and have no results from other conservative methods of therapy.

Revision Knee Replacement

This surgery is for removing and replacing a prosthetic knee joint that is worn out, or that has failed. Although implants last for many years, 15 to 20 years or more. Your prosthesis will break or wear out if you are overweight or you engage in high – impact activities such as running or court sports, the device may fail sooner. Revision knee replacing may also involve the use of bone grafts or an allograft.

Minimally Invasive Knee Replacement

It is similar to the knee replacement surgery. But it is performed through an approx 3 to 4-inch incision, half the length of a typical joint replacing incision. These small incisions are specific instruments which move around soft tissue, rather than cut through it.

Friday, 5 May 2017

Knee Replacement



Knee Replacement or Knee Arthroplasty is a surgical procedure to resurface a knee damaged by arthritis. The most common condition that results in the need for knee replacing surgery is osteoarthritis. It can be performed as a partial or a total knee replacement surgery. It is for someone who has severe diseases such as arthritis or a severe knee injury.  Knee surgery consists of replacing the diseased or damaged joint surface with metal and plastic components used to keep the bones that form the knee joint, along with the kneecap.

Osteoarthritis is characterised by the breakdown of joint cartilage. Damage to the cartilage and bones limits movement and may cause pain. People with a severe degenerative joint disease may be unable to do normal activities that involve bending at the knee, such as walking or climbing stairs because they are painful. The knee may swell or “give-way” because the joint is not stable.


Types of Knee Replacement Surgery

The knee is a hinge joint which provides motion at the point where the thigh meets the lower leg. There are several different types of surgeries to treat the joint replacement depends on various factors. Such as the patient’s age, anatomy, general health, lifestyle, and personal preferences.

Partial Knee Replacement

There are three compartments of the knee – tibia, femur and the back side of the patella. If arthritis affects only one side of your knee – usually the inner side – it may be possible to have a partial joint replacing. Because it involves less interference with the knee than a total knee replacing, it usually means a quicker recovery and better function. It uses smaller incisions.

Total Knee Replacement

It is done to replace the end of the three joint’s compartments tibia, femur and the back side of the patella of the knee joint with the artificial and plastic replacement parts. The procedure is usually for older patients who suffer from pain and loss of function from arthritis and have no results from other conservative methods of therapy.

Revision Knee Replacement

This surgery is for removing and replacing a prosthetic knee joint that is worn out, or that has failed. Although implants last for many years, 15 to 20 years or more. Your prosthesis will break or wear out if you are overweight or you engage in high – impact activities such as running or court sports, the device may fail sooner. Revision knee replacing may also involve the use of bone grafts or an allograft.

Minimally Invasive Knee Replacement

It is similar to the knee replacement surgery. But it is performed through an approx 3 to 4-inch incision, half the length of a typical joint replacing incision. These small incisions are specific instruments which move around soft tissue, rather than cut through it.