Types of Knee Replacement Surgery
The knee is a hinge joint which provides motion at the point where the thigh meets the lower leg. There are several different types of surgeries to treat the joint replacement depends on various factors. Such as the patient’s age, anatomy, general health, lifestyle, and personal preferences.
Partial Knee Replacement
There are three compartments of the knee – tibia, femur and the back side of the patella. If arthritis affects only one side of your knee – usually the inner side – it may be possible to have a partial joint replacing. Because it involves less interference with the knee than a total knee replacing, it usually means a quicker recovery and better function. It uses smaller incisions.
Total Knee Replacement
It is done to replace the end of the three joint’s compartments tibia, femur and the back side of the patella of the knee joint with the artificial and plastic replacement parts. The procedure is usually for older patients who suffer from pain and loss of function from arthritis and have no results from other conservative methods of therapy.
Revision Knee Replacement
This surgery is for removing and replacing a prosthetic knee joint that is worn out, or that has failed. Although implants last for many years, 15 to 20 years or more. Your prosthesis will break or wear out if you are overweight or you engage in high – impact activities such as running or court sports, the device may fail sooner. Revision knee replacing may also involve the use of bone grafts or an allograft.
Minimally Invasive Knee Replacement
It is similar to the knee replacement surgery. But it is performed through an approx 3 to 4-inch incision, half the length of a typical joint replacing incision. These small incisions are specific instruments which move around soft tissue, rather than cut through it.